The Evolution of Education

The Story

How we got to the world of education we know today.

The Prehistory of education began in the prewriting era of mankind long before the concept of writing was ever established. A time when everything was communicated orally and memory was relied upon much more heavily than it is today. Until the development of writing pre-literate societies passed on traditions and knowledge from generation to generation through use of stories, folklore, legends, and song. Before the advent of agriculture humans lived in hunter-gathering societies and children learned what they needed to know through playing and exploration. This method is nature's way of learning and to be effective hunters and gatherers people had to acquire a vast knowledge of plants and animals. Anthropologists say that early societies did not distinguish work from play; everyday life for them was considered play. But soon a new concept of agriculture had evolved and the ability to maintain records soon became necessary.

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The Game-changers

People who changed the world of education for good.

Johannes Gutenberg

Johannes Gutenberg was a German blacksmith, goldsmith, printer, and publisher who introduced mechanical movable type printing to Europe. His invention of started the Printing Revolution and is widely regarded as the most important event of the modern period. It played a key role in the development of the Renaissance, Reformation, the Age of Enlightenment, and the Scientific Revolution and laid the material basis for the modern knowledge-based economy and the spread of learning to the masses. Gutenberg was the first European to use movable type printing, in around 1439.

Nicolas-Joques Conté

Conté invented the modern pencil lead at the request of Lazare Nicolas Marguerite Carnot. The French Republic was at that time under economic blockade and unable to import graphite from Great Britain, the main source of the material. Carnot asked Conté to create a pencil that did not rely on foreign imports. After several days of research, Conté had the idea of mixing powdered graphite with clay and pressing the material between two half-cylinders of wood. Thus was formed the modern pencil. Watch a video

Christopher Sholes

Christopher Latham Sholes was an American inventor who invented the first practical typewriter and the QWERTY keyboard. He was also a newspaper publisher and Wisconsin politician. Typewriters had been invented as early as 1714 by Henry Mill and reinvented in various forms throughout the 1800s. It was to be Sholes, however, who invented the first one to be commercially successful. The QWERTY layout is still used today on both typewriters and English language computer keyboards, although the jamming problem no longer exists.

Horace Mann

Horace Mann was an American education reformist. In 1848, after serving as Secretary of the Massachusetts State Board of Education since its creation, he was elected to the US House of Representatives. Arguing that universal public education was the best way to turn the nation's unruly children into disciplined, judicious republican citizens, Mann won widespread approval from modernizers, especially in his Whig Party, for building public schools. Most states adopted one version or another of the system he established in Massachusetts, especially the program for "normal schools" to train professional teachers. Mann has been credited by educational historians as the "Father of the Common School Movement."

Tim Berners-Lee

Sir Timothy John "Tim" Berners-Lee, is a British computer scientist, best known as the inventor of the World Wide Web. He made a proposal for an information management system in March 1989,and he implemented the first successful communication between a Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP) client and server via the Internet sometime around mid November. Berners-Lee is the director of the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C), which oversees the Web's continued development. He is also the founder of the World Wide Web Foundation, and is a senior researcher and holder of the Founders Chair at the MIT Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory (CSAIL).

Steve Jobs

Steven Paul Jobs was an American entrepreneur, marketer, and inventor, who was the co-founder, chairman, and CEO of Apple Inc. Through Apple, he is widely recognized as a charismatic pioneer of the personal computer revolution and for his influential career in the computer and consumer electronics fields, transforming "one industry after another, from computers and smartphones to music and movies". Jobs was among the first to see the commercial potential of Xerox PARC's mouse-driven graphical user interface, which led to the creation of the Apple Lisa and, a year later, the Macintosh. He also played a role in introducing the LaserWriter, one of the first widely available laser printers, to the market.

Jimmy Wales and Larry Sanger

Jimmy Wales and Larry Sanger launched Wikipedia on January 15, 2001, the latter creating its name, a portmanteau of wiki (the name of a type of collaborative website, from the Hawaiian word for "quick") and encyclopedia. Wikipedia's departure from the expert-driven style of encyclopedia-building and the presence of much unacademic content have received extensive attention in print media. In 2006, Time magazine recognized Wikipedia's participation in the rapid growth of online collaboration and interaction by millions of people around the world, in addition to YouTube, reddit, MySpace, and Facebook. Wikipedia has also become known as a news source because of the rapid update of articles related to breaking news.

Janus Friis and Niklas Zennström

Skype was first released in August 2003. It was created by Janus Friis (Denmark) and Niklas Zennström (Sweden) in cooperation with Ahti Heinla, Priit Kasesalu, and Jaan Tallinn (Estonia), who supplied the backend which was also used in Kazaa. Skype had 663 million registered users as of the end of 2010. It was bought by Microsoft in 2011 for $8.5 billion. Microsoft's Skype division headquarters is in Luxembourg, but most of the development team and 44% of the overall employees of the division are still situated in Tallinn and Tartu, Estonia. The service allows users to communicate with peers by voice using a microphone, video by using a webcam, and instant messaging over the Internet.

Salman Khan

Salman Amin Khan is a Bangladeshi American educator, entrepreneur, and former hedge fund analyst. He is the founder of the Khan Academy, a free online education platform and nonprofit organization. From a small office in his home, Khan has produced more than 4,800 video lessons teaching a wide spectrum of academic subjects, mainly focusing on mathematics and the sciences. As of April 2014, the Khan Academy channel on YouTube attracted 1,732,280 subscribers and the Khan Academy videos have been viewed over 416 million times. In 2012, Time named Salman Khan in its annual list of the 100 most influential people in the world. Forbes magazine featured Khan on its cover with the story "$1 Trillion Opportunity."

Here's to the crazy ones;
the misfits, the rebels, the troublemakers, the round pegs in the square holes. The ones who see things differently - they're not fond of rules. You can quote them, disagree with them, glorify or vilify them, but the only thing you can't do is ignore them because they change things. They push the human race forward, and while some may see them as the crazy ones, we see genius, because the ones who are crazy enough to think that they can change the world, are the ones who do.

Steve Jobs

Some of the best online education sites:

The progression of the internet, web development, and technology in general have lead to some amazing tools for do-it-yourselfers interested in either learning something new or just simply people who want to improve themselves in some way. To help you get started with places to begin educating yourself online, I've taken the liberty of compiling a list of some of the best websites currently offering courses online mostly for free. Enjoy!

Codeschool

Code-School

Just learning. Code School teaches web technologies in the comfort of your browser with video lessons, coding challenges, and screencasts.
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Codeacademy

CodeAcademy

Interactive courses on how to program. Learn to code interactively, for free. Courses are created by community and cover CSS, Java, HTML.
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Codrops

Codrops

Codrops is a web design and development blog that publishes articles and tutorials about the latest web trends, techniques and new possibilities.
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edx

edX

EdX offers interactive online classes and MOOCs from the world's best universities. Online courses from MITx, HarvardX, BerkeleyX, UTx and many other universities.
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Khan Academy

Khan Academy

Learn for free about math, art, computer programming, economics, physics, chemistry, biology, medicine, finance, history, and more. Khan Academy is a nonprofit organization.
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Lynda

Lynda

Lynda.com helps you learn the skills you need to achieve your full potential. They teach software, design, and business courses to help you reach your professional goals.
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Skillshare

Skillshare

Skillshare is an online learning community where the world's best experts teach real-world skills. Our mission is simple: provide universal access to high-quality learning.
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Udacity

Udacity

Discover online classes taught by top instructors and industry experts. Take courses at your own pace. Udacity believes that higher education is a basic human right.
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Udemy

Udemy

Udemy is the world's largest destination for online courses. We encourage you to discover an online course on Udemy.com and start learning a new skill today.
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